Author Guidelines

Dear authors!

The articles submitted for review and publication must be an original work. Articles which were published earlier or are under consideration in other journals would not be accepted for publication.

Article writing

Articles are accepted in digital doc format, font – Times New Roman, size – 14, line spacing – 1.5, paragraph indentation – 1.25, without pagination, without automatic hyphenation; margin size: top – 2, left – 3, right – 1.5, bottom – 2; endnotes. The volume of the article is no more than 35–40 thousand characters, taking into account spaces between words.

General rules for the articles:

1. The title of the article in Russian (bold font, lowercase letters, centered alignment).

2. Full name of the article’s Author in Russian (italics font, right alignment).

3. Information about the author in Russian: academic degree and academic title (if any), position and place of work/study (affiliation) and address of the institution, ORCID / Scopus Author ID / Researcher ID (if any), contact e-mail. Information about each author is given from a new line.

4. Abstract in Russian (400–500 characters).

5. Keywords in Russian (no more than 8 words).

6. The author or authors of the article (subparagraphs 2 and 3) in English (bold font).

7. Information about the author / authors in English.

8. The title of the article in English (lowercase letters, bold font).

9. Abstract in English (at least 1 500 characters).

10. Keywords in English.

11. The main text of the article.

12. Bibliography — all sources (including Internet links) cited and mentioned in the article.

The abstract does not allow general characteristics and formulations that do not reflect the content of the article and the main aspects of the study.

The texts of the abstract and the article itself should not repeat.

The text of the abstract written in English should not be a literal translation of the abstract in Russian.

Bibliography Writing

The bibliography should be made as endnotes. All bibliographic links are made without cut of the name of the source, its authors, etc. The full name of the author/authors in the original language, the title must be indicated. For books – the city and the publisher, for journals – the name, year of publication, No. (if any), and the pages of the quotation must be defined. If the article has a DOI, then it is mandatory to specify. In Internet sources, it is mandatory to indicate the name of the material (if there is an author, then specify), indicate the affiliation of the site. For example: Samuels B. and Lane S. Biden's budget vacancy raises eyebrows. The Hill, 20.07.2021. Available at: (accessed 20.07.2021).

References to the works of ancient and medieval authors are placed in the text of the article in parentheses, with the abbreviation of the author's name and the title of the work according to generally accepted rules, indicating the book number in Roman numerals, the chapter and paragraph in Arabic numerals. For example: (Herod. III.82; Arrian. Anab. II.3.2, 4.2-3; III.1.2) (Greg. Tur. Hist. Franc. III.2; IV.1-3).

When illustrations are used, the source must be cited.

Tables, diagrams and graphics making

If it is necessary for additions to the author's proofs, tables, diagrams and graphs are allowed for publication. They should be titled and numbered. A link to the source is required.

Additional information

Year and years, century and centuries are written only in numbers; millions and billions, rubles, dollars and the names of other foreign currencies are written in full and without quotation marks.

Repeated names, surnames, and toponyms should be written the same way. At the first mention of a person, you must specify the full name, patronymic and surname, and then write the initials; also indicate his occupation and from which country he is (for example, American political scientist, Canadian writer, Mexican economist). If possible, then indicate the years of life, the years of governance (if it is the leader of the country).

When the names of certain well-known organizations, parties, associations, etc. are mentioned in the text for the first time, they should be given completely in English without any quotation marks with the abbreviation indicated in parentheses. For example: World Bank (WB), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Asia-Pacific Region (APR), etc.

The names of foreign organizations, political parties, companies and print media mentioned for the first time should be given in the original language with the abbreviation. For example: North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA; Montana Historical Society, MHS; The New York Post, TNYP

In the text of the article words such as liters, kilometers, meters, tons, percentages, kilograms, etc. are written in full form.

The given data, quotations and etc. should contain links to the sources.

The text with a volume of more than 15 thousand characters should contain subheadings. With a smaller volume, the subheadings are also acceptable if the content of the article requires it.

Articles undergo a reviewing procedure. After reviewing, the editorial board has the right to return the article to the author for revision or to refuse to accept it for publication if it does not correspond to the profile of the journal or if its scientific level is not high enough.

The authors are responsible for the reliability of the facts, figures, quotations, bibliographic descriptions, statistical data, names other information given in the publication.